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Defended Theses

In 2010, 44 scientists defended their PhD thesis at Irstea.

  • Water Department: 23 (including 1 Water/Land Use)
  • Environmental Technologies Department: 15
  • Land Use Department: 7

List of theses defended in 2010

 

  • ABT Vincent of the TSCF (Technologies and information systems for agricultural systems) Research Unit on the Motive (Models, information systems, and viable management of the environment) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 14/12/2010.

Thesis topic: A methodological approach and modelling for farms from a business engineering and information systems perspective


  • ANCENO Alfredo of the GERE (Biological waste treatment and environmental management) Research Unit on the Ted (Water and waste technology and procedures) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 15/12/2010.

Thesis topic: Analysis of microbial communities involved in nitrate-shunt processes. Application to pig slurry in Europe and Asia


  • AVON Catherine of the EFNO (Forest ecosystems) Research Unit on the Sedyvin (Land-based ecological systems, dynamics, vulnerability and engineering) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 13/12/2010.

Thesis topic: Influences on the make-up and current structure of the landscape environment on forest flower biodiversity


  • BABYKINA Evgénia of the REBX (Water networks, purification and quality) Research Unit on the Ted (Water and waste technology and procedures) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 08/12/2010.

Thesis topic: Statistical modelling of recurrent events. Empirical investigation of estimators, taking account of a temporal covariable and application to water network faults


  • BEDU Clémence of the GSLY Research Unit on the Geusi (Water management: uses, services and impact) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 27/09/2011.

Thesis topic: When a technical stronghold submits to and tests the 'necessity for deliberation'. Account and pragmatic analysis of a 'mini public'-type procedure in the field of drinking water


  • BELHADEF Belhadef of the ITAP (Information and technologies for agricultural processes) Research Unit on the Inspire (Technological innovations through science for engineers working in sustainable agriculture and the environment) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 17/12/2010.

Thesis topic: A contribution to modelling agricultural spraying: Atomisation and transport


  • BEN DAOUD Aurélien of the HHLY (Hydrology – Hydraulics) Research Unit on the Arceau (Risks and hazards linked to the water cycle) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 10/02/2010.

Thesis topic: Improvements and developments in an analogous probability method for rain forecasting.  Application to hydrological forecasting in the large river basins of La Saône and La Seine


  • BERTHET Lionel of the HBAN (River systems and bioprocesses) Research Unit on the Arceau (Risks and hazards linked to the water cycle) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 19/02/2010.

Thesis topic: Hourly flood forecasting: Improving the assimilation of flow information in a hydrological model


  • BESSE Jean-Philippe of the MALY (Aquatic environments, ecology and pollution) Research Unit on the Belca (Biological and ecological responses to contamination of the aquatic environment. Ecotoxicology and bioindication) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 02/03/2010.

Thesis topic: The environmental impact of human medicines on the natural environment: Assessment of exposure and biological effects for freshwater ecosystems


  • BOULANGER Vincent of the EFNO (Forest ecosystems) Research Unit on the Sedyvin (Land-based ecological systems, dynamics, vulnerability and engineering) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 27/04/2010.

Thesis topic: Herbivore pressure and change in plant communities - Short- and medium-term influence of deer populations on forest plant diversity


  • BOULET Jean-Claude of the ITAP (Information and technologies for agricultural processes) Research Unit on the Inspire (Technological innovations through science for engineers working in sustainable agriculture and the environment) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 13/12/2010.

Thesis topic: The cooperation of experimental data (databases) and external data (spectra of pure compounds) for improving spectrophotometer calibration


  • BOUNOUA Salim of the G-EAU (Water management: uses and hazards) Research Unit on the Geusi (Water management: uses, services and impact) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 03/12/2010.

Thesis topic: A study of clogging in local irrigation systems


  • Bourgeault Adeline of the HBAN (River systems and bioprocesses) Research Unit on the Belca (Biological and ecological responses to contamination of the aquatic environment. Ecotoxicology and bioindication) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 03/12/2010.

Thesis topic: Bioaccumulation by Dreissena polymorpha: How is this a reflection of chemical contamination of the environment? Experiments - Observation - Modelling


  • BROSSARD Denis of the ETGR (Stream erosion, snow and avalanches) Research Unit on the Rivage (Risks associated with fast-moving gravitational phenomena, safety of hydraulic structures and vulnerability) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 15/06/2010.

Thesis topic: Resuspension by a gravity flow: Application to artificial snow avalanches


  • BURTON Colin of the GERE (Biological waste treatment and environmental management) Research Unit on the Ted (Water and waste technology and procedures) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 06/07/2010.

Thesis topic: An assessment of the aeration technique for treating livestock farming effluent


  • BURYLO Mélanie of the EMGR (Mountain ecosystems) Research Unit on the Sedyvin (Land-based ecological systems, dynamics, vulnerability and engineering) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 06/07/2010.

Thesis topic: The relationships between plant traits and their functions in erosion control in restored marly mountain environments


  • CHANUT Benoît of the ETGR (Stream erosion, snow and avalanches) Research Unit on the Rivage (Risks associated with fast-moving gravitational phenomena, safety of hydraulic structures and vulnerability) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 03/12/2010.

Thesis topic: Quantifying the stresses a snow avalanche exerts on an obstacle


  • FECHNER Lise of the HBAN (River systems and bioprocesses) Research Unit on the Belca (Biological and ecological responses to contamination of the aquatic environment. Ecotoxicology and bioindication) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 14/12/2010.

Thesis topic: Tolerance acquisition and change in the structure of peripheral communities: An early response to urban pressure in aquatic environments


  • FOUCHIER Catherine of the OHAX (Hydraulic structures and hydrology) Research Unit on the Arceau (Risks and hazards linked to the water cycle) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 18/11/2010.

Thesis topic: Developing methodology for regional understanding of floods: Aggregating spatial hydrological information


  • FOVET Ophélie of the G-EAU (Water management: uses and hazards) Research Unit on the Arceau (Risks and hazards linked to the water cycle) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 14/12/2010.

Thesis topic: Managing demersal algae developments in transportation canals: Models for hydraulic regulation strategies


  • GAUDIO Noémie of the EFNO (Forest ecosystems) Research Unit on the Sedyvin (Land-based ecological systems, dynamics, vulnerability and engineering) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 19/11/2010.

Thesis topic: Interactions for light between mature trees, young trees and undergrowth in a forest ecosystem


  • GUST Marion of the MALY (Aquatic environments, ecology and pollution) Research Unit on the Belca (Biological and ecological responses to contamination of the aquatic environment. Ecotoxicology and bioindication) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 15/12/2010.

Thesis topic: Development and reliability of markers of endocrine disruption in freshwater prosobranch gastropods. Laboratory and land applications


  • HAUDUC Hélène of the HBAN (River systems and bioprocesses) Research Unit on the Ted (Water and waste technology and procedures) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 02/11/2010.

Thesis topic: ASM-type biokinetic activated sludge models: Theoretical and functional analysis, towards a default parameter set


  • HENINE Hocine of the HBAN (River systems and bioprocesses) Research Unit on the Arceau (Risks and hazards linked to the water cycle) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 28/05/2010.

Thesis topic: Coupling hydrological processes that link drained agricultural land, underground sewers and open outfall sewers: Integration at the catchment-area level


  • HERNANDEZ Florent of the ITAP (Information and technologies for agricultural processes) Research Unit on the Inspire (Technological innovations through science for engineers working in sustainable agriculture and the environment) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 26/11/2010.

Thesis topic: Precise solution methods for the problem of routing vehicles with multiple time and route windows


  • JACQUOT Aurélien of the TSCF (Technologies and information systems for agricultural systems) Research Unit on the Synergie (Information and display systems for integrated management of the environment) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 04/03/2010.

Thesis topic: Supervision of wireless Smart Communicating Object networks


  • JARRET Guillaume of the GERE (Biological waste treatment and environmental management) Research Unit on the Ted (Water and waste technology and procedures) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 20/12/2010.

Thesis topic: Optimising pig-feeding strategies by incorporating biofuel coproducts to control gas emissions (NH3 and CH4)


  • LADKI Marwan of the G-EAU (Water management: uses and hazards) Research Unit on the Usages Research Topic (inactive) defended his/her thesis on 13/12/2010.

Thesis topic: Irrigation canals or raw water supply canals? Institutional arrangements and organisational strategies surrounding the multi-functionality of gravity-irrigated systems


  • LANGEVIN Brigitte of the ITAP (Information and technologies for agricultural processes) Research Unit on the Inspire (Technological innovations through science for engineers working in sustainable agriculture and the environment) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 25/06/2010.

Thesis topic: Adapting Life Cycle Analysis (LCV) methodology for assessing the environmental impacts of processes and equipment inputting into agriculture. Application to fertiliser spreading (mineral fertiliser, agricultural effluent)


  • LIMAM Instissar of the HBAN (River systems and bioprocesses) Research Unit on the Ted (Water and waste technology and procedures) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 01/11/2010.

Thesis topic: A study of organic micro-pollutant breakdown during the anaerobic breakdown of non-toxic waste


  • LISSALDE Sophie of the REBX (Water networks, purification and quality) Research Unit on the Belca (Biological and ecological responses to contamination of the aquatic environment. Ecotoxicology and bioindication) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 10/12/2010.

Thesis topic: Application and validation of POCIS-type passive samplers for integrated pesticide sampling in the water catchment areas of La Charente


  • LOGEZ Maxime of the HYAX (Hydrobiology) Research Unit on the Quasare (Quality of aquatic systems and ecological regeneration) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 13/12/2010.

Thesis topic: Functional features, environmental variability and bioindication: Fish communities in European water courses


  • MARRACCINI Elisa of the METAFORT (Transformations in activities, areas and forms of organisation in rural areas) Research Unit on the Dtam (Spatial planning and multifunctional agriculture) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 10/12/2010.

Thesis topic: Characterising the environmental functions of agriculture: A land-agronomy approach


  • MASTACHI-LOZA Carlos of the HHLY (Hydrology – Hydraulics) Research Unit on the Arceau (Risks and hazards linked to the water cycle) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 01/08/2010.

Thesis topic: Adaptation of a water balance model to a semi-arid environment


  • MAYOUFI Nadia of the GPAN (Refrigeration process engineering) Research Unit on the Spee (Structures, processes, flow, energy) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 08/12/2010.

Thesis topic: Characterising CO2-containing hydrate slurries used in secondary refrigeration


  • NICOLAS Delphine of the EPBX (Estuary ecosystems and diadromous migratory fish) Research Unit on the Quasare (Quality of aquatic systems and ecological regeneration) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 02/07/2010.

Thesis topic: Are fish being influenced? A macro-ecological analysis of the relationships between abiotic gradients and ichthyofauna in European tidal estuaries


  • PASSEPORT Elodie of the HBAN (River systems and bioprocesses) Research Unit on the Arceau (Risks and hazards linked to the water cycle) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 12/11/2010.

Thesis topic: The efficiency of an artificial wetland and forest buffer zone for dispersing pesticide pollution from a drained agricultural catchment area


  • PIFFADY Jérémy of the MALY (Aquatic environments, ecology and pollution) Research Unit on the Quasare (Quality of aquatic systems and ecological regeneration) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 05/11/2010.

Thesis topic: A study of how fish assemblages respond to environmental variations via Bayesian hierarchical modelling:  Application to juvenile cyprinids in Le Haut-Rhône


  • RAYNAUD Mickael of the TSCF (Technologies and information systems for agricultural systems) Research Unit on the Inspire (Technological innovations through science for engineers working in sustainable agriculture and the environment) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 15/10/2010.

Thesis topic: Towards optimising slurry dehydration: The combined contribution of rheology, thermodynamics and physico-chemistry.


  • RIVOAL Annabelle of the EMAX (Mediterranean ecosystems and hazards) Research Unit on the Sedyvin (Land-based ecological systems, dynamics, vulnerability and engineering) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 05/03/2010.

Thesis topic: Characterising Mediterranean shrub cover formations to improve ozone-pollution forecasting.


  • TLILI Ahmed of the MALY (Aquatic environments, ecology and pollution) Research Unit on the Belca (Biological and ecological responses to contamination of the aquatic environment. Ecotoxicology and bioindication) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 21/12/2010.

Thesis topic: The ecological significance of acquired tolerance to anthropic contamination in river biofilm microbial communities



  • VALERY Audrey of the HBAN (River systems and bioprocesses) Research Unit on the Arceau (Risks and hazards linked to the water cycle) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 23/02/2010.

Thesis topic: Taking account of the phenomenon of snow in rain/flow models


  • VIGNEAU Nathalie of the ITAP (Information and technologies for agricultural processes) Research Unit on the Inspire (Technological innovations through science for engineers working in sustainable agriculture and the environment) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 13/12/2010.

Thesis topic: The potential of close-range hyperspectral imaging as a phenotyping tool: Application to the nitrogen concentration in wheat


  • ZANETTI Caroline Aurore of the OHAX (Hydraulic structures and hydrology)/EMAX (Mediterranean ecosystems and hazards) Research Unit on the Rivage (Risks associated with fast-moving gravitational phenomena, safety of hydraulic structures and vulnerability)/Sedyvin (Land-based ecological systems, dynamics, vulnerability and engineering) Research Topic defended his/her thesis on 03/12/2010.

Thesis topic: Characterising the development of woody root systems in dykes.