BIOSES contributes to understanding and improving environmental management, conservation and restoration practices using ecological and sociological concepts and methods. The team provides knowledge, methods and tools to improve these practices, using in-house research to document and analyze changes to environmental policies. It combines academic output with support for public environmental action and is involved in developing research in close partnership with operational stakeholders.
BIOSES uses ecological concepts to study the state of ecosystems and their response to disturbances and practices. It makes use of theoretical knowledge and methods from several concepts linked to sociology and environmental humanities to study changes to the concept of nature and its relationship with living creatures.
Much of the work by the BIOSES team focuses on management issues, such as restoring or replanting degraded ecosystems, fighting against invasive non-native species, or governance. Team members are particularly active in various scientific councils for environmental organizations and contribute to expert activities both nationally and internationally.
Resources and techniques implemented
BIOSES combines gathering field data, on and off site experiments and modeling to monitor the conservation status of ecosystems and acquire knowledge of structures that encourage biodiversity. Its research into changes to methods of environmental governance and knowledge are based on qualitative surveys, using interviews, observations and documentary analysis.
The team's main research areas include persistence over time of socio-ecosystems and their biodiversity, the operation and dynamic of unmanaged, managed or restored environmental systems, the search for compromise between the various jobs performed by ecosystems and changes to methods of environmental governance and knowledge within a context of global change.
- AlpSols: Interdisciplinary approach to the land/society relationship in mountain environments in a context of climate change. 2016-2018 Sponsor: ITEM Labex Coord. C. Granjou and L. Cécillon.
- Pastoralps: Pastures vulnerability and adaptation strategies to climate change impacts in the Alps. 2017-2022, European Life program coordinated by the University of Florence.
- RestHAlp: Environmental restoration of habitats in the Alps. 2017-2020, Interreg Alcotra project coordinated by the Institut Agricole Régional in Val d'Aoste.
- Sem’lesAlpes: Sowing local wild plants to restore degraded areas in the Alps. POIA-CIMA 2016-2018
- Economic consequences and spatio-temporal uncertainties of environmental compensation projects (ERC Sequence), Partnership agreement with the Water and Biodiversity Department, MTES. 2017-2018
- Typha minima: Ecology and dynamics of the dwarf bulrush. 2014-2021, partnership agreements with Symbhi.
- Ménudelle: Overview of the situation and restoration of abandoned quarries in the Crau plain. 2015-2018, partnership agreements with the Société des Carrières de la Ménudelle, organized by the Mediterranean Institute of Biodiversity and Ecology.
- RestoHD: Restoration of the steppe grasslands in Haute Durance. 2014-2021, partnership agreements with RTE, EcoMed and IMBE.
- Invasive species growing along railways, 2015-2020, partnership agreements with the SNCF network.
- PROTEGER: Promoting and developing environmental engineering on river banks. 2018-2020, FEDER Project, led by the Guadeloupe National Park.
- GeniTVB: Restoration of the Green and Blue Belt along river banks using soil engineering techniques. 2017-2019, FEDER project
- BDGeniVeg: Soil engineering database. 2017-2018, partnership agreement with AFB
- GeniFilm: Information films on environmental engineering techniques to restore river banks. 2018, partnership agreement with AFB
- Multi-taxonomic approach to the environmental restoration of developed river banks. 2016-2018, partnership agreement with AFB
- Resibio: Improving scaling methods for soil engineering works using a systemic and mechanistic multi-scale approach. 2017-2018, partnership agreement with AFB Project led by ETNA.
- Preserving and restoring biodiversity in riparian forests: a biodiversity challenge. 2018-2020, partnership agreement with FRAPNA
- Improving soil engineering techniques against wave action. 2018, partnership agreement with the French Wood Development Union.
- Environmental succession and development of river environments following the ecological restoration of the Old Rhone in Péage de Roussillon 2017-2018 OHM Vallée du Rhône
- Development and optimization of environmentally friendly river bank protection techniques, 2017-2018, France-Quebec CPCFQ project
- Environmental evaluation of river bank developments in Calgary (Canada). 2017-2018
- OUIGEF: Innovative tools for joint forest management. 2015-2019, PSDR programme for the AURA region
- Using LiDAR data to identify forest structures that encourage diversity. 2017-2018, partnership agreement with DEB
- CHRONO-SE: Temporal and synthetic approach to including ecosystems in socio-economic systems, ITEM LabEx
- ALP’GRAIN: Development of a local grain production sector in the Italian and French Alps as a means of farm income diversification, French and Italian Interreg Alcotra, Feder, 2014-2016
|Researchers and Technicians||Doctoral and postdoctoral researchers|
Lucie Bezombes - PostDoc
Philippe Janssen - PostDoc
- Abadie, J., Dupouey, J.-L., Avon, C., Rochel, X., Tatoni, T. & Bergès, L. published online. Forest recovery since 1860 in a Mediterranean region: drivers and implications for land use and land cover spatial distribution. Landscape Ecology.
- Bezombes L., Gaucherand S., Keribiou C., Reinert M.-E., Spiegelberger T. (2017) Ecological equivalence assessment methods: what trade-offs between operationality, scientific basis and comprehensiveness? Journal of Environmental Management. DOI: 10.1007/s00267-017-0877-5
- Carboni, M., Guéguen, M., Barros, C., Georges, D., Boulangeat, I., Douzet, R., Dullinger, S., Klonner, G., van Kleunen, M., Essl, F., Bossdorf, O., Haeuser, E., Talluto, M., Moser, D., Block, S., Dullinger, I., Münkemüller, T., and Thuiller, W. Simulating plant invasion dynamics in mountain ecosystems under global change scenarios. Global Change Biology. 2018;24:e289–e302.
- Cavaillé, P., B. Dumont, K. Van Looy, M. Floury, E. Tabacchi and A. Evette (2018). "Influence of riverbank stabilization techniques on taxonomic and functional macrobenthic communities." Hydrobiologia 807(1): 19-35.
- Cosson, Arnaud, Clara Therville, Raphaël Mathevet, Isabelle Arpin, and Frédéric Bioret. 2017. "Dynamiques d'intégration des espaces naturels protégés en France : une approche comparative entre parcs nationaux et réserves naturelles." Natures Sciences Sociétés 25:230-240.
- Janssen, P., Fuhr, M., Cateau, E., Nusillard, B., & Bouget, C. (2017). Forest continuity acts congruently with stand maturity in structuring the functional composition of saproxylic beetles. Biological Conservation, 205, 1–10.
- Granjou, C. and Arpin, I. 2017 “History of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES)” In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Sciences. DOI:10.1093/acrefore/9780199389414.013.553.
- Jaunatre, R., Gaucherand, S., Guérold, F., Muller, S., Rey, F. (2017) ASPIRE : un cadre méthodologique pour l’appréciation du succès des projets d’ingénierie et de restauration écologiques : application à une opération de restauration d’une zone humide d’altitude. Sciences, Eaux, Territoires, 24:66-71.
- Chenot, J., Jaunatre, R., Buisson, E., Bureau, F., Dutoit, T. (2018) Impact of quarry exploitation and disuse on pedogenesis. Catena, 160: 354-365.
- Peltola, Taru and Isabelle Arpin. 2017. How we come to value nature? A pragmatist perspective. Ecological economics, 142: 12-20.
- Pintaldi E., Hudek C., Stanchi S., Spiegelberger T., Rivella E., Freppaz M. (2017) Sustainable soil management in ski areas: threats and challenges. Sustainability 9(11), 2150. doi: 10.3390/su9112150